Foscolo, Ugo

(1778–1827)
   A kind of Italian Shelley, Ugo Foscolo was a poet, classical translator, and patriot who was born to an Italian father and a Greek mother on the isle of Xante. He grew up in the then Venetian town of Spalato (modern-day Split, in Croatia), then moved to Venice. His first significant work, a pamphlet entitled Bonaparte Liberatore (Bonaparte the Liberator), was written in Venice in 1797 and celebrated the victory of the French revolutionary armies that occupied northern Italy and established the Cisalpine Republic in 1796. Foscolo moved to Bolognaand Milanto take part in political activity in 1797 and fought bravely in defense of the Cisalpine Republic in 1799 when the Austro-Russian forces strove to restore absolutist rule in northern Italy. Foscolo subsequently served for some years in the French army in both Italy and France itself.
   Foscolo’s literary masterpiece, his 1807 collection Dei Sepolcri (literally, On Tombs), was written after Napoleon had crowned himself king of Italy—a move that Foscolo, a former Jacobin, made no protest against. When Napoleon was defeated, Foscolo was treated kindly by the Austrians, despite the fact that he was by now one of the most well-known and most outspoken nationalists in Italy. In March 1815, however, he fled to Switzerland, and from there to England, rather than accept the restoration of Austrian rule in Venetia and Lombardy. In England, he tried to live like a gentleman, but before long he had become a chronic debtor, with a string of mistresses and illegitimate children to maintain or, more usually, to neglect. This last period of his life saw him produce some of his best work, however. His essay Discorsi sulla servitu d’ltalia (On the Servitude of Italy, 1819) immensely influenced the young Giuseppe Mazzini, while his many essays on Italian literature, especially on Dante, are still regarded as important works of criticism today. Foscolo died in disgrace and poverty in Burnham Green, near London, in September 1827. In 1871, after the liberation of Rome, the poet’s remains were transferred to Italy, and Foscolo was interred in the vaults of Santa Croce Church in Florence, a building he had described as the last resting place of many “Italian glories” in Dei Sepolcri.

Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. . 2007.

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  • Foscolo, Ugo — orig. Niccolò Foscolo born Feb. 6, 1778, Zacynthus, Venetian republic died Sept. 10, 1827, Turnham Green, near London, Eng. Italian poet and novelist. His works articulated the feelings of many Italians during the turbulent epoch of the French… …   Universalium

  • Foscolo, Ugo — orig. Niccolò Foscolo (6 feb. 1778, Zacynthus, República de Venecia–10 sep. 1827, Turnham Green, cerca de Londres, Inglaterra). Poeta y novelista italiano. Sus obras articularon los sentimientos de muchos italianos durante la época turbulenta de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • FOSCOLO, UGO —    an Italian patriot and author, born at Zante; his literary career began in Venice with the successful performance of his tragedy Trieste, but on the Austrian occupation of the town he joined the French army; disappointed in the hope that… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Foscolo — Ugo Foscolo Ugo Foscolo, eigentl. Niccolò Foscolo, (* 6. Februar 1778 in Zákynthos; † 10. September 1827 in Turnham Green bei London) war ein italienischer Dichter. Foscolo entstammt einer der alten Familien Venedigs. Er war der Sohn des Arztes… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ugo Foscolo — Ugo Foscolo, neugr. Oúgos Fóskolos (Ούγος Φώσκολος), eigentl. Niccolò Foscolo, (* 6. Februar 1778 in Zákynthos; † 10. September 1827 in Turnham Green bei London) war ein italienischer Dichter. Foscolo entstammt einer der alten Fami …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ugo Foscolo — Retrato realizado por François Xavier Pascal Fabre. Nacimiento 6 de febrero de 1778 Zante …   Wikipedia Español

  • FOSCOLO (U.) — FOSCOLO UGO (1778 1827) Né d’une mère grecque et d’un père italien, Ugo Foscolo se déclare vénitien de cœur. À Venise, il fréquente les milieux intellectuels, éprouve ses premières émotions sentimentales. De 1796 à 1806, il se bat pour la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Foscŏlo — Foscŏlo, Ugo (ursprünglich Niccolo), berühmter ital. Dichter und Patriot, geb. 6. Febr. 1778 auf Zante, gest. 14. Sept. 1827 in Turnham Green bei London, zu Spalato und Venedig erzogen, widmete sich in Padua klassischen Studien. Sein Trauerspiel… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Foscolo — Foscolo, Ugo, ital. Dichter und Literarhistoriker, geb. 26. Jan. 1778 auf Zante, aus venet. Familie, wirkte dichtend und lehrend für die polit. Wiedergeburt Italiens, seit 1816 Flüchtling in England, gest. 10. Okt. 1827 zu Turnham Green bei… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Foscolo — (Ugo) (1778 1827) poète italien, romantique et patriote: les Tombeaux (1807); Dernières Lettres de Iacopo Ortis (1802 et 1816), roman qui inspira les partisans du Risorgimento …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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